LCP Chemicals Superfund Site
The LCP Chemicals Superfund Site is located between the Turtle River and New Jesup Highway, just northwest of the Brunswick city limits. The northern boundary of the site runs along Blythe Island Highway and the southern boundary meets with the property line of the active Georgia Pacific Pulp and Paper Mill.
The 813-acre site has a long history of industrial activity from the 1920s through 1994, including an oil refinery, coal-fired power plant, and both chemical and paint/varnish manufacturing plants (see the timeline below). Past activities contaminated soil, groundwater, and adjacent surface waters and marshlands until operations ceased in 1994.
These industries polluted the site with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), mercury, lead, dioxins, and cancer-causing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (cPAHs). Large amounts of contaminants are still present at the site and remediation efforts are ongoing. Due to the complexity and size of the site, the cleanup is being managed in three parts, referred to as Operable Units by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Operable Unit 1 - the estuary and salt marsh; Operable Unit 2 - the cell buildings area and groundwater; and, Operable Unit 3 - the upland soils and sediments where industrial activities took place. Each of these Operable Units has its own documents and schedule of remediation activities.